segunda-feira, 2 de maio de 2016

Military Medal for Valour

Medalha de Valor Militar


Military Medal for Valor
MILITARY MEDAL FOR VALOUR

Created October 2, 1863, by decree of the Secretary of State for the Affairs of War, initially in two degrees – gold and silver, and later with one more – copper, it awards “heroic acts of bravery and self-sacrifice or of great moral courage and exceptional capacity of decision, be in campaign, be in times of peace, but always in circumstances in which there is a proved or presumed life danger” (Law of 2002).
DESIGN
OBVERSE: a cross patée, in a circular fruity crown of laurel, all green, and with a national emblem in the center, encirlcle by the legend «VALOR MILITAR» (Military Valor), in blue, in uppercase golden elzevir font.
REVERSE: plain, with the name and rank engraved, as well as the date of the action.
If won for campaign feats or service, a PALM DEVICE will be added to the ribbon.
The following criteria apply for each of the classes:
GOLD – all the non enamelled features are in gold, and a golden national emblem device is put over the ribbon;
SILVER – all the non enamelled features are in silver, and a silver national emblem device is put over the ribbon;
COPPER – all the non enamelled features are in copper, and there is no device on the ribbon.



Second highest award
After the Tower and the Sword, the Military Valor medal is the second ranking medal in the order of precedence.

Valour in the Ultramar
Awarded during the Colonial War (1961-1975):
Army - 129
Navy - 4
Air Force - 26

The Military Valour medal shared the general obverse of the Militar Medal, from 1863 to 1946.


SOURCES
- Decreto-Lei n.º 316/2002 de 27 de Dezembro - Regulamento da Medalha Militar e das Medalhas Comemorativas das Forças Armadas;
- Afonso, Aniceto & Matos Gomes, Carlos de, Guerra Colonial, Diário de Notícias, Lisboa: s/d



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