quarta-feira, 28 de agosto de 2019

Queen D. Amélia Medal (Campaigns)


MEDALHA DA RAINHA DONA AMÉLIA

HISTORY AND REGULATIONS

The Queen D. Amélia Medal was created in December 23, 1895 to commemorate 2 specific overseas campaigns – Mozambique (1894-1895) and India (1895). Both campaigns were very popular among the Portuguese public, especially Mozambique, which resulted in a victory over the Gaza Empire and its sovereign Gungunhana.
The medal had three degrees, gold, for chiefs of Force, silver for all other officers and copper for NCO and enlisted.

With the increasing Portuguese involvement in the pacification of its empire, it’s decided, in June 6, 1896, to extend the medal to new overseas campaigns. Each new medal would have a different reverse, as well as a different inside color on the ribbon.

In December 11, 1902, a third alteration is made, which transformed the decoration into a general service medal, with the same ribbon, obverse and reverse, but with different clasps for each new campaign. It remains so until the instauration of the Republic in 1910.

The Portuguese Army Campaigns Commemorative medal, in 1916, is its immediate heir, being that all clasps before 1910 could be used in the new medal.

DESIGN

For the medal after 1902, serving as a general service medal:

OBVERSE: Effigy of Queen D. Amélia;
REVERSE: Legend "CAMPANHAS DO ULTRAMAR" (Overseas Campaigns), and a laurel encircling to the left.


NOTES

CLASPS APPROVED FOR THIS MEDAL
DATE
[FULL NAME] LEGEND
23/11/95
[EXPEDIÇÃO A] MOÇAMBIQUE 1894-1895 (*)
23/11/95
[EXPEDIÇÃO À] INDIA 1895 (*)
28/8/97
[EXPEDIÇÃO CONTRA OS] NAMARRÃES 1896 (*)
4/11/97
[EXPEDIÇÃO À] INDIA 1896 (*)
8/11/97
[CAMPANHA DE] TIMOR 1896 (*)
14/12/97
[OPERAÇÕES EM] GAZA 1896 (*)
31/12/97
[GUERRA DE] TIMOR 1895 (*)
19/1/99
[CAMPANHA DO] HUMBE 1898 (*)
19/7/1901
[GUERRA DE] TIMOR 1900 (*)
-
ZAMBEZIA 1897 (**)
-
ZAMBEZIA 1898 (**)
-
NYASSA 1899 (**)
11/12/02
OIO 1902
11/12/02
BAILUNDO 1902
11/12/02
BARUÉ 1902
-
SELLES 1902-1903
-
MULONDO 1905
-
CUAMATO 1907
-
DEMBOS 1907
-
DEMBOS 1907-1908
-
GUINÉ 1908
-
ANGOCHE 1910

(*) Own commemorative medal before 1902;
(**) - Probably own commemorative medal before 1902.
[EXPEDIÇÃO A] = EXPEDITION TO
[EXPEDIÇÃO CONTRA OS] = EXPEDITION AGAINST THE
[GUERRA DE] = WAR OF
[CAMPANHA DO/DE] = CAMPAIGN OF
[OPERAÇÕES EM] = OPERATION IN

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